Environmental Impact Statements Defined
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)
requires every agency
responsible for a project that uses Federal funds to create an assessment of
the project's potential impact on the environment. The agency that produces
the environmental impact statement (EIS) is also required to hold public
hearings and submit a draft of the EIS for public review and cannot proceed
with the project until a final version of the EIS is submitted to the EPA.
However, a final does not supersede a draft because the final version will
often cite information in the draft without actually including it.
Comparison of final versions to drafts may be required for litigation. For
more information, see the Ohio State University
Environmental Impact Statements.